But under the test of an increasingly long war, the Union eventually saw the sense of this, and it brought victory. Although the capture of Richmond did have some morale-boosting value, by spring 1865, it was of minor significance militarily. It was a military plan that was proposed by Winfield Scott. In the end, Lincoln approved the Union strike that led to the on July 21. In April 1862, New Orleans fell to Union troops, opening both ends of the Mississippi. Not only was it the most successful naval blockade to date, it was the first one carried out exclusively by the use of a national navy, without employing privateers, as well. Grant's 2-front war, fought in Virginia and Tennessee, pressed the Confederates, while Maj.
Privateers are privately owned and run warships. A careful examination of personal strengths and challenges as well as outside forces is necessary to determine a course of action. Much of this was later done by the , a group meeting at the request of the Navy Department but also with representatives from both the Army and the Coast Survey. Grant's successful Vicksburg campaign effectively cemented Union control of the Mississippi River, and began the slow death knell for the Confederacy. War was declared on April 12… 858 Words 4 Pages important to protect it and continue the development and positioning it in the market. Then, he believed, Union troops should stop, waiting for Southern Union sympathizers to turn on their Confederate governors and compel them to surrender.
The three steps were: 1. Divide the South by capturing the Tennessee River Valley and marching through Georgia to the coast. How about the generals who were leading each side at the start of the war? Their stated belief was that if a few strongholds were taken, the Confederacy would collapse. Origin of the plan The Anaconda had a historical development, both in its origin and the way it played out in the experience of battle. Abraham Lincoln for crushing the rebellion of Southern states was devised by Union General-in-Chief Winfield Scott. It was suggested that Mrs.
General Winfield Scott, commanding general of the Union army, proposed a plan of battle that became known as the Anaconda Plan. It was Grant's successes in the West that brought him to the attention of the Lincoln and paved his way for command of the Union forces. It remained so, much like Wilmington, until late in the war. One case of this is the blockade of the South on April 19, 1861. Perhaps one reason for our fascination is that the war is in many ways still near to us, both in time and in its underlying issues, such as the proper balance between governmental authority and freedom, that still perplex the nation.
The Objectives Battle of Vicksburg First, the South would be divided by the United States gaining control of the Mississippi — and thereby cutting it off from the West. This stretch, which included the confluence of the with the Mississippi, became the last contact between the eastern Confederacy and the. Lee's Army, but the city had no particular strategic value, serving only as a blow to Confederate morale. The plan depended o … n a Naval blockade to starve the South, then a drive down the Mississippi, to divide the Confederacy in two isolating all enemy troops to the west of the river , and then sending in the armies to defeat the weakened foe. In August 1864, Farragut got permission from the Navy Department and troops from the War Department to seize the forts at the entrance to Mobile Bay. Getting rid of the privateers meant that the Union could transport goods easier.
Yet in the end, the Union did pursue a plan very like it. But while it is conceded not to have been sufficient, the question remains: Was it necessary? Development: Mississippi River Battle of Vicksburg, by Kurz and Allison. Haigler consider looking… 1227 Words 5 Pages Meyme Nakash Ms. His plan came to be known as the Anaconda plan. Scott then presented it to the president, in greater detail, proposing that 60,000 troops move down the Mississippi with gunboats until they had secured the river from Cairo, Ill. A form of Scott's plan was ultimately used and it did help to weaken the Confederacy. Congress rejected the plan, and Scott soon retired through old age.
This plan, although it was never technically adopted, ended up being extremely successful and influential for the Union during the American Civil War. Scott's war strategy anticipated realities that other military men and politicians were either unable to see or face. American had fought against American and in some cases, brother had fought against brother. The Anaconda Plan was an outline strategy for gaining back the seceded southern states. However, their defenses did not hold, and after Grant's taking of the garrison at Fort Donelson on February 16, 1862, Southern commander Albert Sidney Johnston withdrew and the supply depot remained in Union hands until the end of the war. Evaluation Although almost a century and a half has elapsed since the end of the Civil War, the importance of the Anaconda Plan remains to some extent a matter of debate.
Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2006. According to her view, the Anaconda is a later, conceptual imposition of order on events for which order did not exist at the time that they took place. General Winfield Scott, commanding general of the Union army, proposed one plan of battle that he had earlier proposed to Major-General George B. By November, with Scott's age and health ailments impeding his ability to continue, he stepped down from his position. At least one serious historian, however, denies that there ever was anything like a coherent strategy for subduing the South. Their fears were justified; the next day, arrived and offloaded Federal troops to take possession.