These situations are indeed cause for concern. William Wilson argues that poor economic conditions are the main problems facing the truly disadvantaged. For many workers, earnings have stalled b. Nwachukwu Prince Ololube , Lawretta Adaobi Onyekwere , Comfort N. It refers to a change in the status of family members from one generation to the next. The traditional caste system in India is one example of a closed system.
People who can be considered peers in society because of their similar life chances, similar life circumstances, and similar opportunities, constitute a social class. A child from a higher socio-economic background has advantages over the child from the socio-economically lower class. They are able to feed themselves 1 or 2 meals a day, although might not be very nutritious or healthy. Some roles are regarded as more important or socially more valuable than others and the persons who perform more highly esteemed roles are rewarded more highly. Initially, I thought it was because at the age of 18, there was a general assumption that people had reached a reasonable stage of maturity. Given this interaction and many other experiences I have had, sometimes I just wonder why people feel the need to do this. Sociology : Themes and Perspectives.
Social stratification is a sociological term for the hierarchical arrangement of social classes, castes, and strata within a society Ololube, 2011. In a system open to social mobility based on merit, children and youths will place much more value on excelling in their educational endeavours. There is also a gifted secondary school established by the Federal Government to cater for the needs of talented students which equally emphasizes imbalance in the educational system. Members that cannot participate economically - due to disabilities, age, or periods of poor health - can still impart wisdom, emot … ional support and continuity of experience to the system. Pen pals communicated on a one-to-one basis. Some favour streaming in that a child can freely participate in a class of his own ability, they argue that putting bright and dull ones together creates problems for both categories of children. Some jobs are valued purely on a historical basis.
Other sociologists note that only some people drift into a life of dependency or deviance because they cannot find work. It is a way of ranking large groups of people into masters and servants; upper, middle and lower classes. Given differentials in individuals and families in society, there are bound to be differences in the way children attend school and their level of assimilation to academic work. The influence of socio-economic status of parents and home environment on the study habits and academic achievement of students. Houses and furnishings show a person's social position. The boundaries between classes are imprecisely defined and people can sometimes move from one stratum or level of a society to another Schaefer, 2005.
They have various domestic staffs for specific duties. It indicates a change in position within the range of the same status or movement from one status to an equal one. Likewise, a woman from a very poor background who weds a wealthy businessperson has also moved up the social ladder. This is, in part, because their parents have better educational backgrounds and speak better English at home for their children to learn from. Causes understandable tension and generally leads to often violent rebellion.
This is because some schools, colleges and universities are not duly registered with the appropriate authorities as a result they are recognized as low status schools, colleges and universities. In this group people have a lot a respect from great accomplishments. This type of grouping has produced argument among experts in the educational field. Relative poverty: people are poor only in comparison to others, therefore there will always be some group at the bottom of the hierarchy. The important positions must be filled by the more qualified people 4. Approaches to conducting scientific research in education, arts and the social sciences. It is very difficult to put people into boxes.
A child from a lower class is handicapped in some ways because there are few facilities at home to prepare him for school. Some became slaves after failing to pay debts they owed someone. The Concept of Social Stratification Social stratification is a product of socio-economic strata Ololube, 2011. The brightest children are made to form one class while those that follow in ability form another class. The public schools which are free are not properly funded to reflect the right standard to deliver the right tutelage to the students. This makes socialism internally unstable.
Determinants of mobility â¢ Social Mobility: The movement of persons and groups within the stratification system. It is also universally recognised as the primary agency of socialisation Ezewu, 1983. If people are not different, how would they need each other? The opposite argument is that it is better to put both bright and dull ones together as the bright children encourage dull ones, and the latter are therefore at an advantage. More jobs offer little income d. Those who work in departments considered as most essential to the society receive greater reward in terms of salary, privileges and respect from the society.
It involves the movement of people from a lower position to a higher position of hierarchy and verse versa. The difference class makes a. Parents of higher socio-economic status usually earn higher incomes and value school education more than those of lower socio-economic status. Class and welfare, politics and values Stratification is inevitable as far there will be unequal distribution of wealth and resources in society. Retrieved march 10, 2015 from www. Some individuals and groups are rated higher than others and such differences in rating reflect differences in opportunities and privileges.
I will have to do with community college, or I will have to start working after high school whitout a degree, no degree no good job, no good job no high salary nor good social status. From those fleeing the war in Syria or climate change-induced droughts, to those stranded in inadequate conditions in Europe, you can help us give life-saving support to refugees in the countries where they need it most. The bright ones are kept waiting unduly for the less bright ones, but the latter are normally at advantage since teachers are more sensitive to their bright pupils responses. Slave owners treat slaves as naturally inferior. They tend to drive smaller cars. There are independent principles of ranking like status, class and power.