The movement end at Dandi village, hence the movement also called as Dandi march. The first day's march of 21 kilometres 13 mi ended in the village of Aslali, where Gandhi spoke to a crowd of about 4,000. The eve of the march brought thousands of Indians to Sabarmati to hear Gandhi speak at the regular evening prayer. The camp where he rested was raided by the District Magistrate of Surat, with two police officers armed with pistols and about 30 policemen armed with rifles. The whole concept of Satyagraha Satya is truth which equals love, and agraha is force; Satyagraha, therefore, means truth force or love force was profoundly significant to me. Salt satyagraha, that is also known as Dandi March or Salt March was an important event in the Indian struggle for freedom.
Following the conclusion of the , chose a non-violent raid of the Dharasana Salt Works in as the next protest against the rule of the. It was the most significant organized challenge to British authority since the of 1920-22, and the declaration of independence by the on December 31, 1929. But even the brutality of the mounted police failed to break the morale of the people. I was particularly moved by his Salt March to the Sea and his numerous fasts. Gandhiji Announcement of Salt Satyagraha Gandhiji decided to break the salt laws which brought making salt very expensive for the middle-class people. Thousands of satyagrahis and leaders like joined him.
It was the first time the two held talks on equal terms. The 1882 Salt Act gave the British a monopoly on the collection and manufacture of salt, limiting its handling to government salt depots and levying a salt tax. I regard this tax to be the most iniquitous of all from the poor man's standpoint. Gandhi felt that this protest would dramatize Purna Swaraj in a way that was meaningful to the lowliest Indians. At midnight on December 31, 1929, the raised the tricolour flag of India on the banks of the at. This article is licensed under the.
In , was led by a Muslim disciple of Gandhi, , who had trained a 50,000 member army of nonviolent activists called. Group after group walked forward, sat down, and submitted to being beaten into insensibility without raising an arm to fend off the blows. But longer than any that have gone before is this last journey of his, and many are the obstacles in his way. The peaceful demonstrators were also beaten up by the British police. Mahatma Gandhi led the Dandi march from his Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, Gujarat to produce salt without paying the tax, with growing numbers of Indians joining him along the way.
Sporadic violence broke out in Karachi, Calcutta, Peshawar and Chittagong. The most striking part in the campaign was played by the women, belonging to all sections of society. John Court Curry, a British police officer stationed in India, wrote in his memoirs that he felt nausea every time he dealt with Congress demonstrations in 1930. At Aslali, and the other villages that the march passed through, volunteers collected donations, registered new satyagrahis, and received resignations from village officials who chose to end cooperation with British rule. The 23 day march would pass through 4 districts and 48 villages. More than thirty years later, Satyagraha and the March to Dandi exercised a strong influence on American civil rights activist , and his fight for civil rights for blacks in the 1960s: Like most people, I had heard of Gandhi, but I had never studied him seriously. Curry and others in British government, including , Secretary of State for India, preferred fighting violent rather than nonviolent opponents.
Mahatma Gandhi walked from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, Gujarat to get himself some salt, and hordes of Indians followed him. Gandhi gave interviews and wrote articles along the way. Over 80,000 Indians were jailed as a result of the Salt Satyagraha. Gandhi chose the 1882 British Salt Act as the first target of satyagraha. Congress leaders decided to end satyagraha as official policy in 1934.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who had gone to Borsad to prepare the villagers so as to accord Gandhiji and the satyagrahis a fitting welcome when they passed through the district, was arrested at Ras on March 7. What had begun just as salt Satyagraha became a mass movement. Only a change brought about in our political condition by pure means can lead to real progress. Gandhi gave interviews and wrote articles along the way. But from 1930, that is in the second non-cooperation movement better known as the Civil Disobedience Movement, thousands upon thousands of women in all parts of India, not just in big cities but also in small towns and villages, became part of the satyagraha struggle.
It succeeded in paralysing the British government and winning significant concessions. I expect extensive popular response to the resolution of the Working Committee of the Indian National Congress. The went ahead as planned, with , a seventy-six year old retired judge, leading the march with Gandhi's wife at his side. The Europeans in India clamoured for still firmer measures. Adventures with Britannia: Personalities, Politics, and Culture in Britain. .
I wish I could believe this non-interference was due to any real change of heart or policy. Long term impact Part of Salt Satyagraha produced scant progress toward dominion status or independence for India, and did not win any major concessions from the British. When they reached the railhead at Dandi, more than 50,000 were gathered. When Gandhi broke the salt laws in Dandi at the conclusion of the march on April 6, 1930, it sparked large scale acts of civil disobedience against the British Raj salt laws by millions of Indians. As the Independence movement is essentially for the poorest in the land, the beginning will be made with this evil. The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr.