Acetic acid was pyrolyzed to ketene and water in the presence of 0. To overcome this difficulty, a vapor stream containing the intermediate boiling compounds is removed from the column and such intermediate boiling compounds are removed from the stream which is then returned to the column. Other catalysts which have been used successfully include phosphoric acid and Amberlite 200' acidic cation exchange resin. Additionally ether acetates series are also widely used as solvents. The crude methyl acetate is extracted using a separatory funnel and dried using. This kind of catalyst is the best solution when high yields, low acetic acid and methanol consumption, consistent product and low equipment corrosion are required on reliable basis. An equilibrium-stage model is capable of describing the experiments in the packed column when the reaction kinetics, separation efficiency, and heat loss of the column are taken into account.
The intermediate boiling compounds are removed from column 19 through line 23. Conversely, lower catalyst concentrations give rise to lower corrosion rates but require longer reaction times for a given conversion. They may be classified as polar and non-polar. The vapor product from tank 25 is returned to reaction-distillation column 1 through line 27. Un courant d'acétate de méthyle est extrait en continu de la zone par distillation.
Methyl acetate is an active solvent for the following resins: cellulose acetate butyrate, nitrocellulose, vinyl copolymers, acrylics, epoxies, polyamides, phenolics, alkyds, and polyesters. Claims 10 Translated from Chinese 1. Figure 2 is a schematic diagram in detail of reaction-distillation column 1 showing the various functional sections within the column. Polarity The most common solvent is water. The optimal point of methanol feed will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art.
As a result, only minor amounts of water and methanol get into the product streams, and mere traces of acetic acid typically less than 0. Methyl acetate has a solubility of 25% in water at room temperature. As methyl acetate is formed from the reactants, the formation of azeotropes also occurs. High yields could be obtained only with phosphates in 2—3% concentration. Three different setups were used: one-feed and two-feed setups for the methyl acetate synthesis and another two-feed setup for the hydrolysis reaction. The activation and selectivity are the challenging problems always existing in the utilization of methanol as C 1 resource.
Visit Eastman's website at for more information about Eastman's offerings for the coatings industry. The introduction of such water into the column does not adversely affect the operation of the process. The most effective and economical catalyst for the process of this invention is sulfuric acid. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed. Turbine meters are recommended to measure the flows of acetic acid, methanol, and methyl acetate distillate because their accuracy allows the materials balance of the process to be checked to ensure proper control of the process.
Therefore, such compounds or their azeotropes tend to build up in the column. Typically, the acetic acid and methanol are fed in a molar ratio of about 1:1. Patent 1,400,849 also discloses reacting glacial acetic acid with methanol in a distillation column which includes a single inlet pipe leading from a mixing tank in which the reactants are premixed. A preferred reverse flow-bubble cap tray design for obtaining a hold-up in the flow of liquid reactant, i. The reaction-distillation column is commonly operated at a temperature in the reaction section of 65° to 85°C. Maximum yield to ketene, including ketene recovered as acetic acid, was 76% conversion 31—34%.
Preferably, bubble caps 55 measure 10 cm in diameter and have 13 cm risers. Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of a reaction zone, specifically a reaction-distillation column, useful in this invention and showing its functional sections, i. Thus, the reactant conversion, for a given number of trays, can be increased by feeding at least a portion of the reaction mixture from the reaction-distillation column to a tank having a large reaction liquid hold-up residence time. Hydrolysis yields acetic acid and methanol which can either be recovered or destroyed. Laboratory studies were carried out to determine whether methyl and ethyl acetates could be pyrolyzed to give yields and conversions to ketene comparable to those obtainable from acetic acid.
The remaining operating parameters can be controlled in the same manner as they are in a typical distillation column. Benzyl acetate has jasmine like odor. Patent 1,400,849 which produces highly pure methyl acetate with high reactant conversions. Its hydrophobic characteristics also help cleaning solutions maintain their efficiency when in contact with water. Acetic anhydride is produced by carbonylation of methyl acetate in a process that was inspired by the Monsanto acetic acid synthesis. Disposal Methyl acetate can be safely burned, preferably outside.
The removal of methyl acetate, by flashing in preference to other components, at each reactive-distillation stage increases the extent of reaction achieved in each such stage. Polar reactants will dissolve in polar solvents. The vapor is passed through wire mesh to remove entrained sulfuric acid, which is returned to the column. A condensate stream comprising mostly acetic acid and water is taken from the bottom of column 15 and is returned through line 17 to reaction-distillation column 1. Methyl acetate also arises by esterification of acetic acid with methanol in the presence of strong acids such as sulfuric acid, this production process is famous because of Eastman Kodak's intensified process using a reactive distillation. At elevated temperature its solubility in water is much higher. If hydrocarbon character increases relatively, the polarity decreases.