Ranking: Ranking is done on the basis of: i Personal characteristics that people are thought to need if they are to learn and perform the roles effectively such as intelligence, aggressiveness and politeness. In order to lure the most talented people away from less important work, a society must offer those people rewards and incentives. There are several arguments against this perspective, as inequality or hierarchy is not always observed to be beneficial to society, nor is it rational. Meaning and Nature of Social Class: Status-the basic criterion of social class. In seeking a marriage partner, in choosing a profession, in making friends there may exist more restrictions than in the flow of automobile traffic. Hence they are provided with different opportunities and high prestige. According to him, a society must provide some rewards which it can use as inducements and have some way of distributing these rewards differently according to position.
Status and prestige are two facets of any stratified society that establish inequality among its members. How does the structure of the social group you chose adhere to the concept of stratification? A person who lived in a caste society was socialized to accept his or her social standing. But they agree that they have given too much credit to the functions of stratification and have neglected the dysfunctions. It is not necessary that a society sees stratification on the basis of caste or race. For the Individual : No doubt system of stratification is applicable to the whole society yet it serves some functions for the individual also.
A caste system is one in which social standing is based on ascribed status or birth. Societies are stratified in three ways which are,1 Social Class; 2 Racial and Ethnic stratification; and 3 Gender. Positions usually require long period of training which involves certain sacrifices such as loss of income. The holder of the land was called vassal; the multitudes who cultivated were the serfs and the people still lower to the serfs were slaves. For example, the beef ban has become a hot topic because of the religion issue involved.
Hindu society in traditional India was divided into five main strata: four Varnas and fifth group, the out caste or untouchables. Any group that improves its standard will also improve its social status. Status differentiation operates more effectively when: 1 Tasks are clearly defined. Society is also stratified on the basis of income. It refers to the presence of social groups which are ranked one above the other in terms of the power, prestige and wealth their members possess. This kind of social stratification works on the principle that each estate has a state and remains with it, right from the beginning until the end.
The practice of slavery is against the principles of human rights. Factors like age, sex, intelligence as well as strength often contribute as the basis on which statues are distinguished. Factory owners hired workers who had migrated from rural areas in search of jobs and a better life. His work gained people attention posts his death i. In fact the whole system of feudal relationship was based on land ownership, which was the elemental fact in the feudal structure. Altogether people have many views regarding Stratification.
The number of middle-class people is certainly more than upper class or poor people. They do not earn much. Thus, members of the Brahmin class, a superior class, may be the employees of a lower class and very inferior to the latter with respect to wealth. The importance of stratification can be seen with regard to the functions it performs for the individual and society. He did not believe in complete removal of Stratification.
Societies grew larger, and not all members needed to be involved in the production of food. The nation fell into a period of prolonged and exceptionally high unemployment. It is present in every group irrespective of the fact as to whether it is a small group or a very large group. When an individual moves from lower status to higher status, it is called upward mobility. The consequence is that grafters, irresponsible adventurers, demagogues and favorites reach at the top positions for which they are not qualified.
However, over time, Susan started her own company. Since these two classes have mutually opposite interests, conflicts between the two are inevitable mark maintained. Where a society is composed of social classes, the social structure looks like a truncated pyramid. He divided human culture into three major stages: the savage, the barbarian, and the civilized. Some of these positions are more important for the preservation or survival of the society while some others are relatively less important.