The New England Colonies supported each other to create a one-class system: middle class. How did political and social life evolve in each of the three regions? Though they were settled by the English origin, they eventually developed into two different distinct societies. A major difference between New England and Middle colonies was the quality of the land. John Winthrop An English Puritan lawyer who was one of the leading figures in founding the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The English authorities were willing to tolerate the religious dissention in return for the development of profitable trading centers.
Many people in the North lived longer because of the cleaner water and the cooler temperatures which slowed down the spreading of diseases. The Southern Colonies were an Oligarchy, which meant that wealthy plantation owners controlled the government since they could pay for their expenses. Seeking greater riches and a passageway around America to China, the Dutch East India Company hired Henry Hudson, an English explorer. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. British American Colonies had a few similarities, but were, for the most part, vastly different. The middle colonies were geographically different from New England in that most of the region had fertile soil well suited for farming grain and wheat.
The Southern colonies included Virginia, Maryland, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. A great deal of social and economic democracy prevailed, desirable land was easily acquired, and there was a large degree of religious and ethnic tolerance in the middle colonies. The New England colonies were created by Puritans escaping religious persecution in England. The Middle Colonies had a two-class system which consisted of upper class landowners and middle class professionals living in large cities. In terms of diversity, the Middle and Southern colonies compare in this way. Student will be introduced to how slavery began to take hold in this region. Hudson sailed along the upper coast of North America, and in 1609 he encountered Delaware Bay and the river named for him, the Hudson River.
Unlike New England, it was not processed in the colonies, but in England. The environment is ideal for water-powered machinery mills , which allowed for finished products to be crafted, such as woven cloth and metal tools. Political Science: Students will understand the historical development and current status of the fundamental concepts and processes of authority, power, and influence, with particular emphasis on the democratic skills and attitudes necessary to become responsible citizens. Slavery in New England, Middle and Southern colonies, was widespread. Most people of the Southern colonies were anglican Baptist or Presbyterian though many of the people of Maryland were Catholic. The difference is that they their democratic governments were governed in different types of ways. Notable differences are found in the way social life was structured among regions.
They were part of the Thirteen Colonies including the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies. The economy was characterized by the long growing season and fertile soil. In contrast to the New England and Middle colonies were the rural Southern colonies of Virginia, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. They both started out with the majority of people being from England, they were both in the New World, and they were both ruled by England but, as time went on this theory was proven wrong. The … girls were taught to read the bible and other religious papers as well. The New England, Middle and Southern Colonies had many common characteristics but these three regions were very different politically, socially, and economically.
He supported the belief that religion should involve a personal relationship with God and that there was no need for an established church. Penn guaranteed freedom of worship to all residents and there was no tax-supported church in Pennsylvania. Virginia had an elected assembly called the House Of Burgesses. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. The land was not good for full-scale farming because of poor, rocky soil, but they learned to grow successful crops from natives corn, squash, pumpkins, and beans. The charter empowered Baltimore with almost regal authority. Puritans A group of Protestants who wanted to purify the Church of England.
Being an Oligarchy meant that the wealthy farmers and plantation owners controlled the government since they were the only people that had the ability to cater for their own expenses. Upon his death, the land was left to his son Cecilius Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, who actually founded the colony. Soon after the Duke of York conquered New Netherland, he granted the land between the Hudson and the Delaware Rivers to two of his friends, Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley. The forests that exist in the region provided wood that was used for construction of boats. Plantations developed as nearly subsistent communities.
The Middle Colonies again had a fairly balanced class system though instead of merchants it centered around farming communities. Its staple crops consisted of rice, tobacco, and indigo. The middle colonies tended to be urban and were linked by trade and commerce early on. These were early colonies of what would later be the states in New England. Some common occupations were farming, ranching, lumbering, shipping, fishing, trading,and iron mining. The Southern colonies mainly concentrated in agricultural practices and cultivated crops like rice, indigo, cotton, tobacco.
At the top of this four part structure were the plantation owners, after which were the middle class farmers, second to last were the indentured servants who were people who worked their way in America to pay for their passage, and at the very bottom of the social ladder were the black. The New England Colonies include: Massachussetts Bay Colony, Connecticut Colony, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and the Province of Rhode … Island. The colonists in the north were more concerned with family values than those in the south, whose society suffered from a great lack of women and such a high death rate that family ties were hard to keep. The first colonies in North America were settlers from Spain, France, Sweden, Holland, and England claimed land beginning in the 17th century. So all in all, the economy was better in the New England colonies only because they had more potential to trade with other places than the Southern. A group of London philanthropists were concerned with the plight of honest persons who were imprisoned for debt. Governor Stuyvesant could not get anyone to defend the colony and the Dutch surrendered without firing a shot.