Rivalry between Nations European imperialism in Africa was partly due to rivalries between the different European countries involved, with Britain, Germany and France the dominant powers. They only knew how to extract them and send them over the waters. Visit some tribal areas in African Countries for a picture of what Africa could and probably would be. There were five main reasons for their imperialism. British colonization of Africa began in 1874.
As a disappointment to racists both black and white, neither is a true color on the visible light spectrum. It was like playing chess with either side playing with different rules and in the case of imperialism, might and strength won in every case. Rubber had been discovered at the perfect time. A poem by David Diop explains what it was like once the foreigners had taken over Africa. Exploratory: Imperial nations or their citizens wanted to explore territory that was, to them, unknown. With the dawn of the imperial era, money began to equal power, and the wealth of the British elevated them to the top of the world.
Inequality mixed with the new western education led many elites to search for civil equality and national self-determination, a result the European nation-states did not foresee. The historical debate is between metropolitan theories which focuses on the motivations of each European power , for example by Lenin and Hobson, the peripheral approach which looks at the African perspective. Joseph Schumpeter understands Imperialism as imperfect and irrational tendency to cause war and to conquer with no real goal or aim. The result of these factors was Europe began to divide up Europe between the powers that be. David Livingstone became the first of explorers to enter the depths of inner Africa. In addition, the sense of nationalism that arose from the unification of countries also worked in favor of the politicians.
The Europeans imperialism during the 1800s occurs out of the advantages of strong economies, well organized governments and powerful armies and navies. The desire for trade motivated European Imperialism in the 19th century. The people wanted anyone who would restore order and protect them from the Arabs. Note that in most cases before the 19th Century, imperial European powers actually controlled very little territory. The incident that was the last straw, initiating the revolt, was greasing bullets for new rifles. A great example of this are the Dutch dealings in Indonesia.
The main countries involved in the imperialism in Africa were the French, German, and Great Britain. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and take over. Fredinand de Lesseps, a French entrepreneur, built the Suez Canal along with his company. Although there were definitely abuses done in the name of evangelism, this also aided the native inhabitants because some of the missionaries not only educated the people, but fought to end injustices such as slavery. New Imperialsim occured from 1870 onwards.
The second was based off of the first. However, Britain was the most influential, because they were strongest. At the time, the British had no allies, and the other countries such as France and Germany, were. He took notes of all his accounts and opinions of what went on. It seems no coincidence that the Scramble for Africa occurred around the time of industrial innovations such as steam ships, telegraphs, railroads, and, most importantly, new weapons.
Answer 2 The motive of imperialism was money land and resources. It was plunged into what is known as the Dark Ages a time of you guessed it? African History: A Very Short Introduction. They also practiced imperialism for trade purpose, but very little in Africa. Prior to the 19th century, Europe's interactions with Asia and Africa had mostly been limited to holding trading posts on the continent. Lenin viewed imperialism as the last stage of industrial exploitation.
Lands in Africa, rich in raw materials and markets, were seen as economic opportunities for the European nations. At the time, the British had no allies, and the other countries such as France and Germany, were getting economically more stable. The one major reason I believe they colonized Africa was racism, plain and simple they thought they were better than the Africans. European Imperialism In Africa: 1885 - c. Political motives are also a reason for imperialism. Hobson pointed out that Europeans felt obligated to impose their own political and economic structures on the Africans. Motives of Imperialism Rather than having one motive for their imperialistic aspirations, most nations have several motives that tend to intersect and overlap, which can make it difficult to identify or understand the true objective.
There were many reasons for the European countries to be competing against each other to gain colonies in Africa. The goal of this essay it is to compare both authors, in order to interpret, understand and analyze what Schumpeter and Lenin have to say on Imperialism. Imperialists believed it was their duty to govern the colonized nations and develop their economies. Economic based motive was that Britain wanted to create new markets for products and to acquire our sacred raw materials. They found labor resources, diamonds, gold, rubber, and ivory that would change the course of European economic history.
Alternatively, it was contended that states were motivated to expand primarily by the desire for power, prestige, security, and diplomatic advantages over other states. Britain was one of the strongest of the European countries, and had the power to take over much of the most valuable lands with the most rich and abundant supplies of raw materials and other resources. The British economy has always depended deeply on trade, and Brit … ain did want the West Coast of Africa for its palm oil. As European industrial production increased and spread, raw materials became harder to come by. A poem by David Diop.