In the meantime, Please support me by buying my e-books , and thank you for connecting with me on , , and! Elbrie is one of the lead organisers of Hacksoton, Young Rewired State Southampton and other local events as well as being a director of Tech Age Kids Ltd. Knight had notebooks with her designs and witnesses who knew that the invention was hers. She's a great choice to celebrate for Valentine's Day. Francis Wolle, botanist, born in Jacobsburg, near Nazareth, Pennsylvania, December 17, 1817, was educated in the Moravian parochial school in Bethlehem, and then became a clerk in his father's store. Knight February 14, 1838 — October 12, 1914 was an inventor. By the time she died at the age of 76, she held 27 patents in all. I carried my lunch to school in one until the fourth grade because my mother would decorate them with stickers and drawings.
Before she was a teenager, her first invention was put to use in the mills. Her father died when she was 12, and she went to work in a textile mill to help the family. The Columbia factory used machines to make the narrow kind of paper bag; but the workers made the flat-bottomed kind by hand. Thank you for taking down the photograph. Knight is best known for her inventions in the paper bag industry. Besides devices that improved her paper bag machine, her other inventions included a new window frame and sash design, a numbering machine, an automatic boring tool, and a spinning or sewing machine. Worked in a Paper Bag Factory By 1868 she was working in the Columbia Paper Bag Company in Springfield, Massachusetts.
There are also three credited inventors for the paper bag, Margaret Knight, Francis Wolle, and Luther Childs Crowell. In 1868, at which time she was living in Springfield, , she invented an attachment for paper-bag-folding machines that allowed the production of square-bottomed bags. She watched the heavy steel-tipped shuttles move on the large looms. As stated in her patent specification, this design is an improvement on her earlier patent, number 116,842, granted in 1871. For years, men had tried to design a machine that would create flat-bottomed bags inexpensively. Presented to the Society of Women Engineers, Huntsville chapter, on March 4, 1999, for Women's History Month.
Several children's books have been written about Margaret Knight's life. He became in 1857 vice-principal of the Moravian seminary for young ladies, and in 1861 principal of that institution, which place he held until 1881. The former came up with the first paper bag machine in 1852, while the latter invented a device to cut, fold and paste paper bag bottoms, making her the mother of the modern-day grocery bag — even though it took her years to take credit for her work. By the time she was a teenager the invention was being used in the mills. Imagine working with hinged metal plates instead of creased paper.
She went to work in the Amoskeag cotton mills at nine. Patent office issued 434,461 to, black inventor, William Purvis on August 19, 1890 for a paper-bag machine, the combination of two suction-formers having perforated surfaces, between which the ends of the paper tube are fed, and provided with two independent grooves arranged at different positions of the length of the formers and out of line with each other. It used steam and paste to create bags in the shape of envelopes. However, increased attention is required when disposing of products that combine paper with other materials. But there was no machine that could do the work of making a flat-bottomed paper bag at the time. Elbrie enjoys learning about technology and sharing her design skills with her two younger children and helping her teenager find the right path for a tech career.
It was unusual for women to gain patents in their own name which makes Margaret Knight's achievements all the more impressive. In time, she became adept in a formidable range of trades, equally comfortable with daguerreotypes as she was with upholstery. Before shoes were sewn together, a person or machine used a pattern to cut them out of large pieces of material. Though she managed to live more comfortably in middle and old age than in childhood, Knight was never rich by any means. Processes that use combinations of these materials also enable high-quality printing, making the paper bags and various paper packaging attractive to the end user. Her first patented invention, inspired by her work at a Springfield, Massachusetts paper company, was her machine for improvement in paper-feeding; it was given patent number 109224 in 1870.
She co-founded the Eastern Paper Bag Company in 1870 as well and put her invention to work. However, as we fold and unfold our paper bag, we have to bend the paper. We have taken reasonable measures to protect information about you from loss, theft, misuse or unauthorised access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. The paper bag is a remarkable contrivance. Margaret Knight, also known as the mother of paper bags, invented the square bottomed paper bag; even though Crowell made a patent for it. Of course, no story of triumph would be complete without a villain.
Like many other young people during the early years of the industrial era in the , her brothers became employees of a local cotton textile mill. Margaret built a wooden model of the machine, but needed a working iron model to apply for a patent. It serves us constantly and inconspicuously. Sacks made from it are very strong and typically intended for transporting larger volumes. In the end, Knight won her court case regarding patent interference and she is credited as the inventor of the brown paper bag machine that creates the paper shopping and lunch bags we still use today.
Margaret brought in all her drawings, plans and models of the machine. However, Knight was not actually the first female patent-holder. Knight built a wooden model of the device, but needed a working iron model to apply for a patent. It inspired her to create a machine that automatically folded and glued paper bag bottoms, creating the flat-bottom paper bags we still use to this day. Flat-bottomed paper bags are much more useful. Please use the form below. Knight's inventions are celebrated because they demonstrate women's participation in the American patent system.