The end of war, however, did not bring the promised freedom for India. To oppose Simon Commission of 1927 which was to report on the working of the Indian constitution established by the Government of India Act of 1919. However, as the British left India, they created the great divide of India and Pakistan, dividing the British Raj on the basis of religion. They included Mahadev Desai, Vallabh Bhai Patel, J. Great Britain entered in this global war thus India automatically became involved in this fight between imperial powers. A Khilafat committee was formed under the leadership of Ali brothers, Maulana Azad, Hakim Ajmal Khan and Hasrat Mohani and a country-wide agitation was organised. Gandhi and His Thought : Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2, Oct.
It was in these years that the League began to make a mark in the Punjab and Sind, provinces where it had previously had scarcely any presence. Gandhiji was detained while proceeding to the Punjab, even as prominent localCongressmen were arrested. This led to a great resentment among cotton cultivators and traders. First, he intervened in a labour dispute in Ahmedabad, demanding better working conditions for the textile mill workers. The Non-co operation Movement: The people were asked to boycott government educational institutions, law courts and legislatures, to give up foreign cloth, to surrender officially conferred titles and honours. Meanwhile, back in India, the Viceroy, Lord Wavell, brought the Congress and the League together for a series of talks.
Linguistic reorganization of the Indian british provinces 6. In the spring of 1942, Churchill was persuaded tosend one of his ministers, Sir Stafford Cripps, to India to try and forge a compromisewith Gandhiji and the Congress. Mountbatten called onelast round of talks, but when these too proved inconclusive he announced that British India would be freed, but also divided. Which of the following initiatives marked Mahatma Gandhi out as a nationalist? The Tilak Swarajya Fund was started to finance the Non- cooperation movement Earlier, Lokmanya Tilak passed away on 1 August 1920. The name of Lokmanya began spreading around and people started following him in all parts of the country. Was convinced in not using physical brute force.
Two years later, in an election held on the basis of arestricted franchise, the Congress won a comprehensive victory. A second Round Table Conference was held in London in the latter part of 1931. Jayakar and others to bring about a compromise between the government and the Congress. During the Great War of 1914-18, theBritish had instituted censorship of the press and permitted detention without trial. In turn, they inspired countless other Indians to join the Congress and work for it. They included Mahadev Desai, VallabhBhai Patel, J.
May 2011 The Nationalist Movements in India were organized as mass movements emphasizing and raising questions concerning the interests of the sai people of India. Rangaand others , a rift developed between the socialists and the conservatives within theCongress. Venerate : To regard with respect. Other Indians were less forgiving. Civil Disobedience Movement: Civil Disobedience 1930-31 Phase I : Civil disobedience of the laws of the unjust and tyrannical government is a strong and extreme form of political agitation according to Gandhi, which should be adopted only as a last resort.
Rowlatt Act 1919: The Sedition Committee headed by Justice Sydney Rowlatt led to the passing of Rowtatt Act which empowered the government with powers to use arms to suppress all unlawful and dangerous activities. Gandhiji did not himself participate in this movement, although he gave it his blessings, as he also did to a peasant satyagraha in Bardoli in the same year. During the independence struggle,a type of Parallel Government known as Prati Sarkar came into existence. That was the first and last time he tasted meat. Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle Like other great men in history, Gandhi took his time to grow and develop his techniques to ensure that his actions made an impact.
The movement soon spread to the rest of the country and the partition of Bengal had to be firmly inhaled on the first of April, 1912. Gandhi ji tried lot of attempts of bringing Hindus and Muslims together but differences started widening. That year there was an all-India campaign in opposition to the all-White Simon Commission, sent from England to enquire into conditions in thecolony. On the 24th day, he vowed to produce more salt without paying any tax and soon he broke the law for salt, which sparked outrage among Britishers. First Independence Day was celebrated on 26 th Jan 1930 in Kolkatta.
Champaran Satyagraha Gandhi gave voice to the cause of the oppressed cultivators in Champaran district of Bihar who were suffering under tyranny of the European indigo-planters. The farmers sought Gandhi's help and through a calculated non-violent protest, Gandhi managed to win concessions from the authority. The Nehru report was placed in the annual session of the Congress held at Lucknow on 10th August, 1928 where it was adopted unanimously. Significance of Non-cooperation movement : 1. He involved masses-women, workers, farmers. Consider the following statements regarding the history of nationalism: I. Reverence to the opposition was one of the unique features of the satyagraha preached by Gandhi.