Leeds, Brett Ashley; Jeffrey M. About this Item: Dorsey Press, The. To begin, there were all of the long-standing indications that the economic system was in a shambles; that its technology, even in the military sector, was largely obsolete; that its farms were unproductive; that the universities had become stultified; that the bureaucracy was dominated by a self-serving nomenklatura: and that most of the citizenry was dissatisfied, sullen, and ready for change. In 1959, Singer spent a year at the Naval War College, where he completed Deterrence, Arms Control, and Disarmament, which several publishers rejected due to its dovish stance. The model is, of course, a multifaceted one, and it produces a fascinating array of corollaries; among these, the relationship between the number of actors and the stability of the system is one of the most widely accepted and persuasive. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
We are not able to ship internationally. The distinguished authors are on the faculties of the universities of Michigan and Yale. More general still is the forecast: the frequency of intra-state war will continue to increase world wide during the next three decades, while the frequency of inter-state war will decline. Three of these prior war, relative capabilities, and alliance levels are converted into operational language and then put to the empirical test. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Abstracts of British Historical Statistics. A more general prediction would be that at least ten states will have missile-deliverable nuclear warheads by the end of this century, or that all the Nordic states will be members of the European Union by 1999.
Resort to Arms: International and Civil Wars, 1816—1980, 2nd edn. Over two thirds of all of the wars began in either the spring or the autumn. His pioneering work on the Correlates of War project at the University of Michigan and his numerous books and articles have inspired generations of researchers in the fields of international relations, conflict analysis, security studies and peace science. Leaving aside those few on both sides of the cold war who suspected or understood that the regime in Moscow was headed for trouble well before 1985-1986, and that larger number who came to that position around the Andropov-Chernenko-Gorbachev transition, how do we account for the fact that most did not or could not see the auguries. Although no secular trends are evident in terms of the fre quency, magnitude, severity, and intensity of these wars, the data suggest a twenty-year cycle in the magnitude of systemic war. David Singer has been arguably the most important influence on quantitative research into the causes and attributes of war. Singer and Small 1970; have pointed out that major powers have been disproportionately involved in wars since 1816.
About this Item: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Another clue was that the Kruschev reform efforts, while clumsy and inadequate, might have succeeded were it not for the Cuban missile crisis and other foreign policy failures. The contributors include Gwynne Dyer, Paul Kennedy, Melvin Small, J. Even if one granted the most cherished assumptions of that community in and out of uniform, one could demonstrate the careless reasoning of their strategic doctrine. Although students of world politics have come increasingly to speak of their empirical domain as a social system, little effort has gone into the systematic observation and measurement of its formal or informal structure. At ThriftBooks, our motto is: Read More, Spend Less. Of necessity, we ought to begin with another set of distinctions, perhaps as elusive as the above; reference is to the Freeman and Job 1979 discussion of scientific forecasting and their attempt to differentiate between a forecast and a prediction.
Für alle Wissenschaften, seien es nun die physikalischen, die biologischen oder die Sozial-Wissenschaften, gilt, daß der Forscher um die Entdeckung von Einzeltatsachen ebenso bemüht sein sollte wie um die Ermittlung von Verallgemeinerungen, die diese Fakten in gesetzesähnlicher Weise miteinander verbinden. While heuristically suggestive, this is markedly inferior to the computerized simulation which, when well-done, rests on operational measures of key variables as well as explicitly stated decision rules reflecting some level of hard evidence as to which kinds of actors make specific types of decisions under a range of classifiable circumstances. To be sure, there had been a few Russians such as Znakov 1966 , Amalrik 1970 and Solzhenitsyn who went public with their jeremiads and suffered exile and worse as a result. We have quite consciously sought to combine such disparate material and strategic-political factors as installation and operating cost on the one hand and successful evasion or false detection cost on the other. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilm.
The book classifies and synthesizes the research findings of over 500 quantitative analyses of war at the analytic level of the state, dyad, region, and international system. Resort to Arms: International and Civil War, 1816—1980. Our discussion so far has largely attended to the policy implications of theory-generated, as well as less powerful, prediction methods. The Lonely Crowd; A Study of the Changing American Character. He subsequently spent a yearlong Ford Fellowship at Harvard University, where he met conflict resolution expert Kenneth Boulding, who successfully persuaded Singer to come to the University of Michigan.
May contain limited notes, underlining or highlighting that does affect the text. Every day, week, and month that this contest was continued meant that much more in misallocated energies to the mindless and self-perpetuating activities of military preparedness and political myopia, and that much longer a delay in turning to the vital needs elsewhere in the global system. Reference is to the professional historians who are not really specialists in a given region of the world or given period of time. German anti-Semitism and anti-Japanese propaganda contributed to his decision to enlist in the U. In the late 1990s scholars became concerned about how the work of the project could be continued given the pending retirement of J. Edge wear, else very Good in paper wrappers.
About this Item: Cambridge University Press. The project has continued to expand, gathering data on a number of elements that are related to war, including system membership, capabilities, alliances, diplomatic ties, intergovernmental organizations, and conflict short of war militarized interstate disputes. Such data make it possible to treat this particular system attribute as either a dependent or an inde pendent variable for purposes of hypothesis testing or exploration in world politics. He performed quantitative analyses on data sets from Levy 1983 on the Great Wars during the period 1495 to 1815and Singer and Small 1972 , 1974, Small and Singer 1982 and Singer 1991 on interstate wars from 1816 and 1989. The Wages of War, 1816—1965: A Statistical Handbook. Foreign Policy and the Press: An Analysis of the New York Times Coverage of U. Pages can include limited notes and highlighting, and the copy can include previous owner inscriptions.
By helping to establish a clear temporal and spatial domain for research, promoting the use of clearly defined concepts and common variable operationalizations, and allowing replication of research, the project has been a mainstay of rigorous international relations scholarship. A copy that has been read, but remains in clean condition. The Correlates of War Project has become one of the longest-running and most influential research projects in world politics. Schellenberg, Sigmund Freud, David Fabbro, James E. Yet a fourth justification for joining in the discussions is the scientific one: that a major criterion of our scholarly work is its predictive power.