In addition, you should inform the reader of the experimental techniques that were used to generate the data. Bastian H, Glasziou P, Chalmers I 2010 Seventy-five trials and eleven systematic reviews a day: how will we ever keep up? Step Four: Write out your major criticisms of the article. If recommending revision, state specific changes you feel need to be made. Overview of the Review Report Format The structure of the review report varies between journals. If there are critical flaws in this, it's very likely the manuscript will need to be rejected. As you write up this summary, take into consideration the suitability of the article for the journal. Carnwell R, Daly W 2001 Strategies for the construction of a critical review of the literature.
The introduction can actually be thought of as a kind of mini-thesis statement, with the what, why and how of the argument spelled out in advance of the extended version. Here is another article review example every student can use. A 2010 study of nursing journals found that 79% of recommendations by reviewers were influenced by grammar and writing style Shattel, et al. You have to ask yourself how you will place your chosen question, problem or puzzle in a context the reader will understand. Remember that your goal is to give the reader a detailed summary of the key points of an article. I almost never print out papers for review; I prefer to work with the electronic version.
Although recognition for scientists mainly comes from primary research, timely literature reviews can lead to new synthetic insights and are often widely read. But this is the nature of science —. I even selectively check individual numbers to see whether they are statistically plausible. A review is meant to be a survey of the current state of a field - and the less you know about a field or topic at the outset, the more work you're going to have to do in order to have an authoritative voice that can provide insight about the research that has been done. There is probably a continuum between mini- and full reviews.
This will help you understand how to read the article so that you can write an effective review. I usually read the article with a pen in hand so that I can write my thoughts in the margins as I read. The introduction to your journal article must create a good impression. I try to write my reviews in a tone and form that I could put my name to, even though reviews in my field are usually double-blind and not signed. Jot down this observation in your outline and look up the facts of the study to confirm your observation. A recommendation in this category should not be construed as a guarantee of eventual publication.
The better the paper, the finer detail you should go to. Statistical analyses will not be sound if methods are not replicable. Begin by looking at the title, abstract, introduction, headings, opening sentences of each paragraph, and the conclusion. You should indicate whether your comments are your own opinion or are reflected by the data and evidence. How to write a journal article review? Citation: Pautasso M 2013 Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review. Focus instead on giving the reader an overall idea of the content of the article.
Focus more on paraphrasing the ideas when writing a journal article summary without losing focus of their meaning and intended content. It is a good idea to do this in a systematic way to make sure that you are not cherry-picking the literature to support a pre-concieved idea or to favor the research of one particular group. As a rule of thumb, I roughly devote 20% of my reviewing time to a first, overall-impression browsing of the paper; 40% to a second reading that includes writing up suggestions and comments; 30% to a third reading that includes checking the compliance of the authors to the journal guidelines and the proper use of subject-typical jargon; and 10% to the last goof-proof browsing of my review. How do you write an article review? The purpose of an article review is to help you understand your assigned reading material or synthesize and critique a broad range of articles on an individual subject. I believe it improves the transparency of the review process, and it also helps me police the quality of my own assessments by making me personally accountable. This is done all the time, to varying degrees.
Third, I make sure that the design of the methods and analyses are appropriate. Do you have to agree to do the review? The responses have been edited for clarity and brevity. Describe, in your own words, the main argument the authors hope to prove with their research. Different journals have slight variations in the list of possible recommendations. Many journals send the decision letters to the reviewers. It can be useful to provide the most important of the specific comments before any minor comments on matters of detail.
What are the biggest challenges facing researchers in this field today? This is not the impression you want to give editors! As I read, I underline parts of the article that seem important, write down any questions I have, and correct any mistakes I notice. Your comments should be courteous and constructive, and should not include any ad hominem remarks or personal details including your name unless the journal you are invited to review for employs. How to Write a Journal Article Review Example According to the summary of the recent academic surveys held by Harvard and Yale, 80% of all authors work better if they have an example of necessary content in front of them. After all research is an incomplete, on-going project by its nature. Many students simply include article summary using the language they want, but this piece must follow official English language.
This means you must not share them or information about the review with anyone without prior authorization from the editor. It is also very important that the authors guide you through the whole article and explain every table, every figure, and every scheme. Begin to map your outline accordingly. You should also check whether images have been edited or manipulated to emphasize the story they tell. You want to contribute to the knowledge base and understanding of other scientists so make sure it centers around a topic that has a good-sized audience! Then it is time to work out what question you will be trying to answer with your review.