Job design is the process of deciding on the contents of a job in terms of its duties and responsibilities, on the methods to be used in carrying out the job in terms of techniques, systems and procedures, and on the relationships that should exist between the job holders and his supervisors, subordinates and colleagues. Job rotation implies the shifting of an employee from one job to another without any change in the job. The advantages of job rotation are—it relieves the employee from the boredom and monotony of doing a single task. Job enrichment is a method for redesigning jobs, a motivation technique that aims at making work more interesting and challenging for the employees. Job Enrichment Job Enrichment is a job design method that incorporates motivational factors into it so that the job satisfaction increases for the employee. The continual enlargement of a job over time is also known as 'job creep,' which can lead to an unmanageable workload.
Taking on Bigger Tasks If you own a newsletter publishing company, for instance, you can enrich your assistant editors' jobs by giving an opportunity to move from editing 500-word articles to editing 1,200-word features. Concept Quantitatively expanding the scope of a job. Some seemed t o us to merit further consideration, particularly those in regard to the 1 generality of the findings, 2 feasibility of making changes, and 3 consequences to be expected. Some of the popular methods of job design used are See figures 5. This is also a gain for the organization, because they can see which of their workers are capable of leading others, without running the risk of promoting someone who is unsuited for a managerial role. The task must be one that can be perceived as a whole the work process has a definite beginning and end so that finishing it can be perceived as an accomplishment for the individual, and that this task is clearly a part of something bigger. Job simplification involves i Mechanical processing of work; ii Repetitive work process assembly lines ; iii Working on only one part of a product; iv Predetermining tools and techniques; v Few skill requirements.
However, the same is not validated in practice. Better career opportunities may also come as you train for new skills and learn how to work through important workplace problems and solutions. Given worker more latitude in deciding about such things as work method, sequences and pace or by letting them make decisions about accepting or rejecting materials : 2. Move your workers through a variety of jobs that allow them to see different parts of the organization, learn different skills and acquire different experiences. Job enlargement involves combining various activities at the same level in the organization and adding them to the existing job. It should not create pressure and frustration in an employee.
In order for employees to be provided with Job Enlargement they will need to be retrained in new fields which can prove to be a lengthy process. It is difficult to say in advance what jobs are going to offer the most scope; the most unlikely sometimes turn out to have important possibilities. Please help to this article by more precise citations. Like any motivation initiative, determine what your people want before you begin. When responsibility is put squarely with the person doing a job, he is the one who wants and needs feedback in order to do his job. While for some employees means an appreciation and, simply, more responsibility, others will use their new status to try to rule or discipline their co-workers. Enriched jobs lead to more satisfied and motivated workers.
Skill variety involves the number of different types of skills that are used to do a job. There is no set formula for designing jobs that will best fit a production system. Control of his own labor force, backed up by more technical and financial responsibility, was designed to give the foreman more opportunities for achievement and personal growth in the job. However, having positive hygiene factors does not cause employees to be motivated; it simply keeps them from being dissatisfied. Each one gave important chances for achievement; together, they were designed to make the work more challenging. Every change implied a greater responsibility; together they gave the freedom and challenge necessary for self-development.
This is a very different matter from introducing changes selectively in the first place. It can be seen not only that the experimental group maintained a higher rate of improvement than the rest of the business throughout the trial period, but that the gap widened if anything as time went on. However, the jobs should be enlarged to a limited extent, i. Hulin and Blood 1968 define job enlargement as the process of allowing individual workers to determine their own pace within limits , to serve as their own inspectors by giving them responsibility for quality control, to repair their own mistakes, to be responsible for their own machine set-up and repair, and to attain choice of method. The other two groups were separate geographically and engaged on quite different research. Job enlargement reduces boredom and monotony by providing the employee more variety of tasks in the job.
The idea was investigated further by a government department, which described it as the most promising of some 200 ideas submitted on that topic. Job rotation is often used in assembly line work where there is a uniform process with highly repetitive tasks that can become boring to employees doing the same tasks over and over again. Corrective feedback is also important because it lets employees know what areas need improvement. Job enrichment means a vertical expansion of a job. So, the workers are motivated to work harder.
Much was learned in the process, by ourselves and managers alike. The execution of plans and evaluationof results motivates workers and relieves boredom. The studies show that when tasks are organized to be as authentic and motivational as possible, management receives a more accurate and a continuing feedback on individual strengths and weaknesses, ability, and potential. Job enlargement involves combining various activities at the same level in the organization and adding them to the existing job. All the foremen were given complete disciplinary authority, except for dismissal. The goal of job enrichment is not merely to make the more varied but I the words of M. The aim of the three is similar: to keep the employees challenged and to prevent them from boredom caused by repetitive tasks.
Job Description This is the objective setting of the job title, tasks, duties and responsibilities involved in a job. This starts with the communication of clear goals, on an individual level as well as on the company level, in order to steer the efforts in the right direction and to let everyone know what they are working for. Their mean score in the job reaction survey, like that of other groups of salesmen, was higher than most employees of equivalent seniority, which suggested that they enjoyed considerable job satisfaction. It is also known as horizontal loading in that the responsibilities increase at the same level and not vertically. This allows workers to use a wide variety of skills, which can make the work seem more meaningful and important.