The section further reveals Atticus as the moral figurehead of the novel in the way he raises his children. However, unlike with school years past, they aren't afraid of or mystified by the house. The original CliffsNotes study guides offer expert commentary on major themes, plots, characters, literary devices, and historical background. For the first time, real racial tensions begin to emerge in the novel. He believes that representing Tom Robinson is what is right and, therefore, it is what he will do. Harper Lee uses such language to point out this racism and give an accurate portrayal of sentiments in the South, though she certainly does not condone such language or such a mentality.
Atticus mentions that Scout also needs to learn not to get so angry over things because it will only get more difficult as the trial approaches. One of the first things they do is roll one another inside an old tire. Summary: Chapter 5 Jem and Dill grow closer, and Scout begins to feel left out of their friendship. As usual, each day on their way to school they pass the Radley house. For the first time, Scout is able to relate to her aunt. Mockingbirds The title of To Kill a Mockingbird has very little literal connection to the plot, but it carries a great deal of symbolic weight in the book. Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt 1884-1962; U.
Having heard this fanciful tale about Boo Radley, Dill is fascinated with him. Scout notices that many of her classmates share the same racist attitude as their parents. Scout is particularly bothered one day when her teacher, Miss Gates, explains what Hitler has been doing to the Jews in Europe. The three continued to play throughout the summer and the story would constantly progress and change. Scout, however, hasn't quite entered the adult world, unable to understand Jem's reasoning behind this simple action.
Analysis This chapter sets the tone and basis for everything else that happens in the novel. Ol' Blue Light nickname for Stonewall Jackson, a Confederate general. To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 4 Summary By Harper Lee At the beginning of this chapter Scout says that most of the school year they were told to do meaningless tasks meant to develop group dynamic and that it did not work for her. At this point in the story, Scout's world is a safe place — her greatest fears are largely products of her own imagination. Even her teacher seems hypocritical.
Ironically, Atticus, who throughout the story upholds truth, is the person who dupes Jem into admitting the real purpose of the Boo Radley game. Scout, bored because Jem and Dill have gone to swim, joins her. However, Tom, Scout, and Jem, could also be considered mockingbirds as well. In a house down the street lives a neighbor named Boo Radley. Eventually, he convinces Jem to run up and touch the Radley home. Their father, however, is their primary caregiver. Things in Macyomb, Atticus warns, could become tense because of this case.
Scout-is well-educated and from well-established home-is a stark contrast to children like Walter and Burris. Although most of the lies are meant to keep people out of trouble, some of these untruths will have dire consequences for the town as a whole. Glossary scuppernongs a golden-green grape of the Southern U. He is scholarly and wears glasses, where most fathers in their community hunt and fish. The children play the game less frequently after that, and Jem and Dill begin excluding Scout, spending more and more time together in the treehouse. This is obviously where the title of the novel comes from, and it is a metaphor for never harming a person or thing that is innocent. Just when they think that he is going to lay his hands on them, the shadow walks away.
Tom Swift boys' pulp fiction serial featuring famed, fictitious inventor and adventurer, Tom Swift. Scout told him that he had touched the house so grabbing a tire should be easy. Scout asked Jem to make up a game and Jem said he was tired of making up games. In chapter 25, it has now become September. It is also important to realize that this racial slur is considered incredibly offensive today, and is only used here in reference to the novel. Each day, they read to her longer and, when an alarm goes off, a servant comes in to give Mrs.
It turns out that Mr. Jem changed the subject and asked if they believed in Hot steams. Scout reaches into the knothole and discovers two pieces of chewing gum. Dubose was addicted to morphine, but that she wanted to die on her own terms. He sees nothing, however, as it is too dark. Introduced in these chapters, the issue of femininity and women's roles in Maycomb society is a significant theme in To Kill a Mockingbird. In Chapter 24, Aunt Alexandra invites over the women from her missionary circle to have tea with her.
While everyone hunkers down, the sheriff gives Atticus his gun, asking him to shoot the dog. Whenever Neighbors would come by or when Mr. This time though there was something shiny in the tree right at the same spot where the gum had been before. Scout notices afterward that, while she was standing outside in the cold in only her bathrobe, someone put a blanket around her shoulders. He tells Scout that he doubts he will win the case but that he must try in order to uphold his own sense of justice.
Jem called his bluff and asked what he wanted to play today. Missouri Compromise a plan agreed upon by the United States Congress in 1820 to settle the debate over slavery in the Louisiana Purchase area. In this case, Walter Cunningham is most likely in a dispute over who is rightful heir to a piece of property. Sometimes, having someone else do the dirty work is less frightening — a belief that gives mob mentality its start. Why don't you just knock the front door down? Jem and Dill were yelling at Scout to grab the tire and run! When she comments on it, Calpurnia, the housekeeper, pulls her into the kitchen and scolds her for her behavior.