Aswan dam cold war. July, 9 in history 2019-02-10

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Aswan High Dam, River Nile, Sudan, Egypt

aswan dam cold war

The dam nearly overflowed in 1946, prompting the authorities to reconsider the future of the old dam. Construction for the project began in 1960 and was completed in 1968. Nevertheless, the damage to U. The Suez Canal had strategic and economic impact for both the Soviet Union and the United States. Supported by Soviet arms and money, and furious with the United States for reneging on a promise to provide funds for construction of the Aswan Dam on the Nile River, Nasser ordered the Suez Canal seized and nationalized. The dam is fed by the River Nile and the reservoir forms Lake Nasser. The Soviet Union finally provided the required funds in 1958.

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The Feud Over Financing of Egypt's Aswan Dam

aswan dam cold war

Construction of Aswan High Dam began in 1960. The dam allowed for most Egyptian villages to be able to use electricity for the first time and created many new fishing industries around Lake Nasser. The water that is held back by the Aswan Dam forms the Lake Nasser, a major source for water in the area. It had long been thought that a in the area would prove highly beneficial for the neighboring communities and agricultural lands. The invading forces withdrew from Egypt in early 1957. The Aswan Dam For thousands of years, the Nile River overflowed its banks every spring as snow and spring rains in the mountains of East Africa transformed into a torrent of water.


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Suez Crisis

aswan dam cold war

When these disagreements resurfaced, the United States would again be drawn into the conflicts. One of Nasser's goals was to modernize Egypt. This dam could not control the flow well, and nearly 50 years after construction, The Egyptian president, Gamel Abdel Nasser, wanted to build a new dam. The project came through after the then Soviet Union funded part of the project. Most of the water that enters into Lake Nasser is slated for causes, as the area experiences very little annual.

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Aswan Dam

aswan dam cold war

Map showing reservoir The Aswan Dam, located in Aswan, , tames the and utilizes the power of the river for a variety of social and economic causes. To allow for the possibility that heavy rainfall could push the maximum flow of the dam, a series of emergency spillways have been built around the dam to safely process an additional 5,000 m³ per second. To learn more about the Cold War: Back to the page. Suez Crisis, 1956 The Suez Crisis of 1956, in which the Egyptian Government seized control of the Suez Canal from the British and French owned company that managed it, had important consequences for U. The Aswan High Dam, one of the largest embankment dams in the world, to this day straddles the mighty Nile River. Instead of feeling the full benefits of the dam, some agricultural fields have become waterlogged as a result of silt deposits that build up in the reservoir.

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Suez Crisis, 1956

aswan dam cold war

Just seven months after the announcement, however, Dulles declared that the American offer was being revoked. The enormous rock and clay dam was designed by the Russian Hydroproject Institute and construction began in 1960. The Israelis soon were joined by French and British forces, which nearly brought the Soviet Union into the conflict, and damaged their relationships with the United States. The United States and Britain were engaged in a period of hostilities with the Soviet Union. Construction on the second dam lasted for twenty years, from 1950 to 1970. The second dam was originally intended to be a joint effort between , the , and Great Britain, but the foreign backers pulled the funding before construction began. The move was in response to a decision by the United States and Britain to withdraw finance for the Aswan High Dam - a massive project to bring water to the Nile valley and electricity to develop Egypt's industry - because of Egypt's political and military ties to the Soviet Union.

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The Aswan Dam

aswan dam cold war

Out of the 34,000 people involved during the construction process, 25,000 were Egyptian engineers. In 1995, the levels of salt exportation from were higher than the levels of salt imported, an unusual occurrence for the Egyptian economy. Then the British and French jumped in. Since ancient times the Nile River flooded yearly during summer, bringing nutrients and minerals essential for the soil in the area with it. Construction on the second dam began after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, when gained political control of the country.

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Aswan High Dam, River Nile, Sudan, Egypt

aswan dam cold war

The British were angry with the move and sought the support of France which believed that Nasser was supporting rebels in the French colony of Algeria and which needed little provocation to strike at the enemy on its border in an armed assault to retake the canal. The dam has also provided much needed water for , as well as producing electricity from the output of the river. Soviet leader 1894-1971 railed against the invasion and threatened to rain down nuclear missiles on Western Europe if the Israeli-French-British force did not withdraw. Britain and France issued their ultimatum and landed troops, effectively carrying out the agreed upon operation. The project was far more expensive than originally expected. Further, the original dam did not hold back a large reservoir of water for use in the dry season. The Aswan Dam was designed to control the Nile's flood waters and provide electricity and water to the Egyptian populace and, as such, was a symbol of Egypt's modernization.

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Controversy

aswan dam cold war

Hydroelectricity is electric power generated by the movement of water. In an unexpected construction method, the reservoir was allowed to fill with water before construction was officially completed. Aswan-- On 15 January 1971, Egypt celebrated the completion of the High Dam, whose funding was the center of a Cold War dispute that led to the 1956 Suez War. Accordingly, they sought a military solution that involved Israel. The Suez Canal was built by French developer Ferdinand de Lesseps. Seizing the Canal In order to pay for the Aswan Dam, Nasser decided to take over the Suez Canal.

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Aswan Dam

aswan dam cold war

Nasser Becomes President of Egypt In 1954 Gamal Abdel Nasser took control of Egypt. It began with taking control of the Suez Canal which was followed by a military attack from , France, and Great Britain. The Aswan Dam also makes it possible for Egyptian farmers to grow an extra crop each year by releasing water into the Nile during the dry season. He resigned shortly after the crisis ended. It had been controlled by the British in order to keep it open and free to all countries. The United States and Britain withdrew their financing for the Aswan Dam after Nasser made several moves that appeared friendly to the communist block, including an arms deal with Czechoslovkaia and recognition of the Chinese Government in Beijing. The United States and the British had agreed to loan Egypt the money for the Dam, but then pulled their funding due to Egypt's military and political ties to the Soviet Union.

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United States withdraws offer of aid for Aswan Dam

aswan dam cold war

Critics charged that building the Aswan Dam was unwise. In contrast, Soviet influence in the Middle East grew, especially in Syria where the Soviets began to supply arms and advisers to the Syrian military. Despite its size, the original Aswan Dam was unable to provide Egypt with proper control of the great river. When using artificial irrigation, the crop yield of the area can be doubled, which enhances the economy of the region. Originally, forces from the three countries were set to strike at once, but the British and French troops were delayed. The Soviet Union, now known as Russia, was at that time a military superpower nation. At the same time of the Suez Crisis, the Soviet Union was invading Hungary.

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